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Muay Thai 泰拳 - [Combat Total - Morgan MISTRAL]
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Combat Total - Morgan MISTRAL

Muay Thai 泰拳

mercredi 9 janvier 2008 par Morgan

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Muay Thai, la Boxe Thaïlandaise

En Thaïlande, vers le XIV ème siècle, se développait différentes méthodes de combat à mains nues. Une discipline se différencia par l’utilisation des armes naturelles du corps humain. Au XVI ème siècle, une boxe faisait partie intégrante de l’entraînement militaire et atteignit son plus haut degré de popularité.

Au XVIII ème siècle, sous le règne de Pra Chao Sua surnommé « le roi tigre », les villageois organisaient régulièrement des combats de boxe allant jusqu’aux dernières limites.

En 1921, le gouvernement Thaïlandais interdit la pratique de la boxe, la jugeant trop dangereuse.

En 1930 naissait la boxe Thaïlandaise actuelle : le Muay Thaï, adoptant les règles de boxe Anglaise (gants de cuir, coquille en métal, catégories de poids), tous les combats se déroulaient sur un ring en plusieurs rounds.

En 1964 après les jeux olympiques, les Japonais ont adopté le Muay Thaï en le modifiant, ils inséraient les bases de la boxe Anglaise (directs, crochets, uppercuts, esquives, jeux de jambes ...) en complétant avec leurs techniques de Karaté. Nous pouvons observer aujourd’hui un certain engouement, surtout chez les jeunes, pour cette boxe qui se pratique sur les cinq continents. En France, elle est souvent pratiquée comme un moyen d’insertion et permet aux jeunes habitant dans des « quartiers difficiles » de se défouler en pratiquant une activité sportive. Nous pouvons compter chez nous des combattants célèbres tels que Stéphane Nikiéma, Dida, Mohrad Sari. Le plus impressionnant, autant par sa vitesse que par son punch et sa puissance, est sans aucun doute Jérôme Lebanner dit « Géronimo ».

D’un point de vue technique, le Muay Thai comprend pour les poings toutes les techniques de boxe anglaise, les coups de coudes, les coups de genoux, les coups de pieds ou de tibias circulaires (hook kick). Sur les parties hautes, médianes et basses du corps (low, middle & high kicks), les coups de pieds de côtés sur les parties hautes et médianes du corps (side kicks), les coups de pieds de revers au visage ou dans les gants de l’adversaire (whipping heel hook kick) ainsi que les balayages (sweep kick).



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